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is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.The metropolis is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, the second-most populous metropolitan area in Brazil and sixth-most populous in the Americas.On 27 January 1763, the colonial administration in Portuguese America was moved from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro.The city remained primarily a colonial capital until 1808, when the Portuguese royal family and most of the associated Lisbon nobles, fleeing from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal, moved to Rio de Janeiro.
The city of Rio de Janeiro proper was founded by the Portuguese on 1 March 1565 and was named São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in honour of St.The kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, which, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe.As there was no physical space or urban structure to accommodate hundreds of noblemen who arrived suddenly, many inhabitants were simply evicted from their homes.There was a large influx of African slaves to Rio de Janeiro: in 1819, there were 145,000 slaves in the captaincy.
In 1840, the number of slaves reached 220,000 people.
The home of many universities and institutes, it is the second-largest center of research and development in Brazil, accounting for 17% of national scientific output according to 2005 data.